ASM-PACE Liberia Case Study Report
This report details a case study of historical and contemporary artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) in and around Sapo National Park (SNP), assesses the ecological, social, and economic impacts of ASM, the key motivations of diggers/miners, the responses of affected stakeholders, including the sustainability of the 2010 SNP eviction and makes recommendations for future action. It is intended that the lessons learned from the SNP case will feed into the development of sustainable responses both locally and in protected areas in other countries, either directly through ASM-PACE intervention programmes or indirectly through publications (tools, guidance notes, and project reports).
This report forms part of an international project 'Artisanal and Small Scale Mining in and around Protected Areas and Critical Ecosystems' (ASM-PACE)5 led by a partnership between WWF and Estelle Levin Ltd. (ELL). The aim of ASM-PACE is to address the environmental impacts of ASM whilst building on its economic, social, and empowerment potential in some of the world's most critical ecosystems. Fauna & Flora International (FFI) is the implementing partner of ASM-PACE in Liberia. FFI has been active in Liberia since the late 1990s.
A pre-verification version of this report was circulated to participants of the July 2011 study in April 2012 with follow up meetings conducted by members of the research team in May 2012. Its findings have been verbally endorsed by the Forest Development Authority, the Ministry of Lands Mines and Energy and members of participating ASM mining communities that border Sapo National Park during report verification meetings held by the research team in May 2012.